Understanding the Self B.Ed 1st year Practical File – Target B.Ed

Understanding the self is the practical file of B.Ed 1st year. There are 4 practical files that students has to make in B.Ed 1st year. In this article I have tried to cover all the important topics that you should write in “Understanding the Self” practical file. You can elaborate these points with some pictures in your practical file.

You will surely get good marks. Also if you create the file yourself you will learn new things which will help you in your viva also.

I have made separate video and article on Viva. To watch Click Here

Below are the main points of “Understanding the self” practical file

Concept of Self

Self-concept is the image that we have of ourselves.

The self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about, evaluates or perceives themselves. To be aware of oneself is to have a concept of oneself.

Self concept types

1) Physical Description: It is the awareness about the physical description of one’s body i.e I’m tall, have blue eyes, brown hairs…etc. It is the basic self concept which an individual learns at an early childhood stage.

2) Social Roles: We are all social beings whose behavior is shaped to some extent by the roles we play. Such roles as student, housewife, or member of the football team not only help others to recognize us but also help us to know what is expected of us in various situations.

3) Personal Traits: These are the third dimension of our self-descriptions. “I’m impulsive…I’m generous…I tend to worry a lot”…etc.

4) Existential Statements (abstract ones): These can range from “I’m a child of the universe” to “I’m a human being” to “I’m a spiritual being”…etc.

Self Esteem

  • Self-esteem refers to a person’s overall sense of his or her value or worth.
  • Self-esteem is an individual’s subjective evaluation of their own worth
  • In other words, how much you appreciate and like yourself.
  • It is the positive or negative evaluations of the self, as in how we feel about it


Personality is the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a person unique.

Many approaches have been taken on to study personality, including biological, cognitive, learning and trait-based theories

Personality development

Personal development covers activities that improve awareness and identity, develop talents and potential, build human capital and facilitate employability, enhance the quality of life and contribute to the realization of dreams and aspirations

Benefits of Personality development

  • Improving self-awareness
  • Improving self-knowledge
  • Improving skills and/or learning new ones
  • Building or renewing identity/self-esteem
  • Developing strengths or talents
  • Improving a career
  • Identifying or improving potential
  • Building employability or (alternatively) human capital
  • Enhancing lifestyle and/or the quality of life and time-management
  • Improving health ¢Improving wealth or social status Fulfilling aspirations

Communication Skills

Being able to communicate effectively is perhaps the most important of all life skills. It is what enables us to pass information to other people, and to understand what is said to us.

How to improve Communication skills

  • Learn the basics of nonverbal communication.
  • Learn to Listen
  • Simplify and stay on message.
  • Engage your listeners or readers.
  • Make sure you are understood.
  • Maintain eye contact.
  • Respect your audience.

Locus of Control

Locus of control is a psychological concept that refers to how strongly people believe they have control over the situations and experiences that affect their lives. ¢Internal locus of control ¢External locus of control

What is Stress

Stress is your body’s reaction to a challenge or demand.

It can come from any event or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous.

Stress can be positive, such as when it helps you avoid danger or meet a deadline. But when stress lasts for a long time, it may harm your health.

Stress Management

  • Keep a positive attitude.
  • Accept that there are events that you cannot control.
  • Be assertive instead of aggressive. Assert your feelings, opinions, or beliefs instead of becoming angry, defensive, or passive.
  • Learn and practice relaxation techniques; try meditation, yoga, or tai-chi for stress management.
  • Exercise regularly. Your body can fight stress better when it is fit.
  • Eat healthy, well-balanced meals. Learn to manage your time more effectively

Techniques of Relaxation

  • Meditate
  • Reach out
  • Social Interaction
  • Yoga

Thank You so much for reading

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