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CTET Eligibility, Structure & Syllabus : Download PDF

What is CTET CTET – Central Teacher Eligibility Test Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is a national-level exam conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) twice a year to shortlist candidates for appointment as teachers in classes I-VIII. Passing in CTET is eligibility criteria for recruitment as teachers of Classes I to VIII …

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Pavlov theory of classical conditioning | Pavlov’s experiment Download PDF

Pavlov theory of classical conditioning Ivan D Pavlov ¢Ivan D Pavlov 1849-1936 is the Russian Physiologist. ¢He propounded the classical conditioning theory in 1903. ¢This theory is also known as Learning by conditioning and conditioned response theory. ¢The main interest of Pavlov was in the study of Gastric secretion of dogs. ¢He won the noble …

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Kohler theory of insightful learning | Gestalt Theory PDF Download

Wolfgang Kohler ¢Kohler was born in 1887 and grew up in Germany. ¢Wolfgang Kohler, psychologist and philosopher, was one of the founders of the gestalt school of psychology. ¢In the 1920s, German psychologist Wolfgang Kohler was studying the behavior of apes  On the basis of his experiments he gave the cognitive theories of learning, which he called insight …

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National policy of Education – 1968

¢Based on the report and recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1964–1966), the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announced the first National Policy on Education in 1968 ¢This policy had called for a National School .System, which meant that all students, irrespective of caste, creed and sex would have access to education. Main features of NPE-1968 …

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Most Important Articles of Indian Constitution PDF Download

Here is the list of most important articles of Indian Constitution. It is important in all competitive exams. Also it an important topic in Contemporary India and Education Article 14 ¢ The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India …

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Idealism – Philosophy of Education – Knowledge and Curriculum

Idealism ¢ Idealism is a very old philosophical thought. Its inception was taken from very early times when man began to think. ¢ In west it is born out of the writings of Plato, Socrates and Aristotle. ¢ In India it was born out of the scripts of Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads. ¢ Idealism has been …

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Curriculum as a process – Knowledge and Curriculum

¢The curriculum process is a systematic and organized way in which what will be taught , who will be taught and how it will be taught. Each component affects and interacts with other components. Also Read : Curriculum as a Product ¢The essential considerations for curriculum development are: ¢Issue/ Problem/ need is identified ¢Characteristics and …

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