B.Ed 1st Year

Pavlov theory of classical conditioning | Pavlov’s experiment Download PDF

Pavlov theory of classical conditioning Ivan D Pavlov ¢Ivan D Pavlov 1849-1936 is the Russian Physiologist. ¢He propounded the classical conditioning theory in 1903. ¢This theory is also known as Learning by conditioning and conditioned response theory. ¢The main interest of Pavlov was in the study of Gastric secretion of dogs. ¢He won the noble …

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Kohler theory of insightful learning | Gestalt Theory PDF Download

Wolfgang Kohler ¢Kohler was born in 1887 and grew up in Germany. ¢Wolfgang Kohler, psychologist and philosopher, was one of the founders of the gestalt school of psychology. ¢In the 1920s, German psychologist Wolfgang Kohler was studying the behavior of apes  On the basis of his experiments he gave the cognitive theories of learning, which he called insight …

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National policy of Education – 1968

¢Based on the report and recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1964–1966), the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announced the first National Policy on Education in 1968 ¢This policy had called for a National School .System, which meant that all students, irrespective of caste, creed and sex would have access to education. Main features of NPE-1968 …

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GRAMMAR-TRANSLATION METHOD & DIRECT METHOD/ PEDAGOGY OF ENGLISH

GRAMMAR-TRANSLATION METHOD ¢This method considered to be a classical method of teaching English ¢The philosophy behind this method is that the foreign language can be taught or learn through translation. ¢Here each phrase or sentence of English is taught by translating it into mother tongue ¢The Grammar-Translation Method instructs students in grammar and provides vocabulary …

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Communicative Approach & Cooperative learning

COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH ¢The communicative approach is based on the idea that learning language successfully comes through having to communicate real meaning. ¢CLT techniques, learn and practice the target language through the interaction with one another and the instructor ¢When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and …

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Multilingual and Bilingual Method/ Pedagogy of English

Multilingual Method India is a multilingual country. Multilingual approach of teaching is used in which teacher takes care of multi languages (more than 2) A teacher 1st emphasison one language and then bridges it to second language. Teacher explains the students doubt in multi language in which they are more comfortable. The school gives full …

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