b.ed 1st year notes

Pavlov theory of classical conditioning | Pavlov’s experiment Download PDF

Pavlov theory of classical conditioning Ivan D Pavlov ¢Ivan D Pavlov 1849-1936 is the Russian Physiologist. ¢He propounded the classical conditioning theory in 1903. ¢This theory is also known as Learning by conditioning and conditioned response theory. ¢The main interest of Pavlov was in the study of Gastric secretion of dogs. ¢He won the noble …

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Curriculum as a process – Knowledge and Curriculum

¢The curriculum process is a systematic and organized way in which what will be taught , who will be taught and how it will be taught. Each component affects and interacts with other components. Also Read : Curriculum as a Product ¢The essential considerations for curriculum development are: ¢Issue/ Problem/ need is identified ¢Characteristics and …

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Audio Visual Aids or Instructional Aids

To make teaching process more effective we use Instructional Aids. Instructional materials are the devices which make the process of teaching-learning more effective and meaningful. Instructional Aids are Audio-Visual Aids with the help of which we teach students by showing them certain models or some Audio material. Audio-Visual aids are those things that appeal to …

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PEDAGOGY OF ENGLISH – AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF TEACHING ENGLISH

While teaching English to students teachers set some Aims & Objectives. These aims & objectives has to achieved at the end of completion of any topic or syllabus. Aims of Teaching English Below are the aims of teaching English To enable the students to understand English when spoken. Students must understand the meaning of words …

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Childhood and growing up Unit -1 Growth and Development MCQ’s

Growth and Development MCQ’s In which stage physical growth is rapid (1) Early Childhood (2) Infancy (3) Adolescence (4) School Age Which one of the followings indicates child’s physical growth ? (1) Negative (2) Quantitative (3) Qualitative (4) Positive Human development is (1) quantitative (2) qualitative (3) immeasurable to a certain extent (4) both quantitative …

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Characteristics and Principles of Language/ B.Ed Notes/ Target B.Ed

Characteristics and Principles of Language Language is a vehicle Language is a means for communicating ideas, thoughts, feelings, experiences and emotions. It helps in reaching out to the people who are living far away. Practically it is not possible to reach them physically in short span of time so language is said to be a …

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Kothari Commission

Main recommendations of Kothari Commission/ National Education Commission (1964-1966) /B.Ed Notes

Kothari Commission National Education Commission (1964-1966), popularly known as Kothari Commission, was appointed by the government of India at the end of the third five-year plan. This commission was headed by Dr. Daulat Singh Kothari chairman of the University Grants Commission. Dr. Daulat Singh and his team evaluated the education system of India gave the …

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