Target B.Ed

Pavlov theory of classical conditioning | Pavlov’s experiment Download PDF

Pavlov theory of classical conditioning Ivan D Pavlov ¢Ivan D Pavlov 1849-1936 is the Russian Physiologist. ¢He propounded the classical conditioning theory in 1903. ¢This theory is also known as Learning by conditioning and conditioned response theory. ¢The main interest of Pavlov was in the study of Gastric secretion of dogs. ¢He won the noble …

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Kohler theory of insightful learning | Gestalt Theory PDF Download

Wolfgang Kohler ¢Kohler was born in 1887 and grew up in Germany. ¢Wolfgang Kohler, psychologist and philosopher, was one of the founders of the gestalt school of psychology. ¢In the 1920s, German psychologist Wolfgang Kohler was studying the behavior of apes  On the basis of his experiments he gave the cognitive theories of learning, which he called insight …

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Idealism – Philosophy of Education – Knowledge and Curriculum

Idealism ¢ Idealism is a very old philosophical thought. Its inception was taken from very early times when man began to think. ¢ In west it is born out of the writings of Plato, Socrates and Aristotle. ¢ In India it was born out of the scripts of Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads. ¢ Idealism has been …

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Curriculum as a process – Knowledge and Curriculum

¢The curriculum process is a systematic and organized way in which what will be taught , who will be taught and how it will be taught. Each component affects and interacts with other components. Also Read : Curriculum as a Product ¢The essential considerations for curriculum development are: ¢Issue/ Problem/ need is identified ¢Characteristics and …

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Audio Visual Aids or Instructional Aids

To make teaching process more effective we use Instructional Aids. Instructional materials are the devices which make the process of teaching-learning more effective and meaningful. Instructional Aids are Audio-Visual Aids with the help of which we teach students by showing them certain models or some Audio material. Audio-Visual aids are those things that appeal to …

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PEDAGOGY OF ENGLISH – AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF TEACHING ENGLISH

While teaching English to students teachers set some Aims & Objectives. These aims & objectives has to achieved at the end of completion of any topic or syllabus. Aims of Teaching English Below are the aims of teaching English To enable the students to understand English when spoken. Students must understand the meaning of words …

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