¢This method considered to be a classical method of teaching English
¢The philosophy behind this method is that the foreign language can be taught or learn through translation.
¢Here each phrase or sentence of English is taught by translating it into mother tongue
¢The Grammar-Translation Method instructs students in grammar and provides vocabulary with direct translations to memorize. ¢It emphasizes the study and translation of the written language, as it is considered superior to spoken language
Advantages of Grammar Translation Method
¢ It is an easy method: In this method the child proceeds from the known to unknown.
¢It helps in building vocabulary: Translation method helps in the rapid expansion of vocabulary of the Students get the exact meanings of words.
¢ It saves teacher’s labor: The teacher finds it very easy to prepare his lesson. He has not to think of the ways and means to explain new words.
¢Comprehension is easily tested: Students’ comprehension of English, especially at the early stages can be easily tested by asking them to answer questions in the mother tongue.
¢Grammar is easily taught: Grammar of the foreign language is easily taught by comparing it with the grammar of the mother tongue.
Disadvantages of Grammar Translation Method
¢It is an unnatural method: In the translation method, the teacher starts teaching English to the students by teaching them reading first. The natural order of learning a language is listening, speaking, reading and writing.
¢It neglects speech: Translation method neglects speech no much attention is paid to oral work or drill work in this method.
¢It neglects pattern practice: There is no pattern practice in the translation method. The result is that students aren’t able to speak English correctly.
¢It ignores habit formation: Because of its neglect of speech and pattern practice. Translation method ignores habit formation. The child never acquires the habit to think in English
¢Exact translation is not possible. ¢It makes the student a passive listener.
¢It is uninteresting
¢Direct method of teaching means teaching directly using target language.
¢A teacher doesn’t use the mother tongue in the class. Nor are the students allowed to use it. ¢Here, the unit of speech is a sentence. There is the emphasis on speaking the complete sentences.
¢This method emphasizes on oral practice for everyone.
¢This method doesn’t put emphasis on theoretical grammar. The main stress is on functional grammar.
¢he teachers teach words by pointing to object or picture or by performing actions
Advantages of Direct Method
¢The focus is on Oral Practice. Therefore, the pronunciation improves.
¢As there is direct relation between thought and expression, it helps the learners in having good fluency.
¢Using direct method, a teacher helps students having good command over English
¢It makes the teaching English easier and more pleasant. A teacher uses various images/ pictures to illustrates his/her point.
¢As the unit of speech in Direct Method is a sentence, students learn to speak complete sentences without any hesitation
Disadvantages of Direct Method
¢It emphasis on oral practice, the other skills namely reading and writing are ignored to a great extent.
¢It ignores the teaching of grammar.
¢Average and below average students, especially from rural background, find difficulty to grasp the things taught via this method.
¢This is an expensive method as the teacher is to use some aids for teaching.
¢For this method, competent teachers must be there. ¢In the early stage of learning, this method is sometimes unsuccessful.
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