¢The curriculum process is a systematic and organized way in which what will be taught , who will be taught and how it will be taught. Each component affects and interacts with other components.
Also Read : Curriculum as a Product
¢The essential considerations for curriculum development are:
¢Issue/ Problem/ need is identified
¢Characteristics and needs of learners.
¢Changes intended for learners.
¢The important and relevant content
¢Methods to accomplish intended outcomes Evaluation strategies
Process of Curriculum Development
¢Situational Analysis: Some important facts and figures must be established first before developing the curriculum. This is done through
¢Baseline surveys or needs assessment.
¢Infrastructure at schools, statistics, and activities of the schools.
¢Challenges in setting curriculum including economic, social and political context.
¢Needs of improvement in present curriculum
¢Resources available and what is required.
¢Educational Objectives become the criteria for selecting materials, content, instructional methods, evaluation.
¢It help our planners to develop purposeful instructional programmes.
¢ Objectives helps, guide the educational process.
¢Curriculum should fulfill the desired objectives like what skills, knowledge, values they should develop.
¢While making objectives we should consider
¢Needs of society
¢Needs of teacher and learner
¢Educational philosophy of a country
¢Government educational policy
¢Teaching force available
¢ Target Population
SELECTION OF EXPERIENCES
¢To achieve the above objectives a environment should be created which gives maximum learning experience.
¢Knowledge and skills should be related to real world.
¢Learning experience should allow students to develop their thinking skills and rational powers.
¢It should enhance students understanding and an openness to new experiences.
¢It should make students a continuous learner.
¢It should help in total development of students in cognitive, affective, psychomotor, social and spiritual domains.
¢Curriculum content are facts, ideas, concepts and skills that are presented, discussed and involved in the course.
¢Content should be selected according to the predetermined objectives.
¢Content should be prioritize which is basically needed in specific circumstance.
¢It should be properly balanced and complete which cater all three domains psychomotor, cognitive and effective.
¢Sequence should be proper like simple to complex and spiraled. ¢It should be valid, useful, interesting, practical & learnable.
¢It should meet philosophical, psychological, sociological needs.
¢Curriculum should in chronicle order like selecting, sequencing, organizing in proper order
Curriculum Development cyclic process
¢Curriculum development and delivery is a cyclic process.. It involves
¢Identifying learning needs
¢Assessing the audience
¢Selecting method and aids ¢Learning experience and implementation process ¢Evaluate Revise
¢This entire process is evaluation oriented.
¢The assessment is done on the basis of learning outcomes.
¢This helps in making the adjustment on the part of curriculum or teaching methodology.
¢Assessment becomes the basis of new curriculum design.
¢We can make changes in curriculum content, design, implementation, evaluation.
¢Also if there is any need to make changes in goals and objectives , they could also be revised.
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