Assessment for learning is a subject of B.Ed 2nd year. In this article you will get information related to “Assessment for learning” B.Ed notes. This article includes Assessment, purpose of learning, Types of Assessment.
During B.Ed course and after it is very important to have the knowledge of Assessment. Assessment knowledge is required to asses self and others, to get an idea that how things are working and what to do to improve further.
What is Assessment
In Assessment teacher gather, summarize, and interpret data to determine which strategies to implement to further enhance the learning experience.
Assessment are an integral part of teaching and learning.
It requires planning specific ways to use assignments and discussions to discover what students do and do not understand.
The insights we gain by making assessment a regular part of instruction enable us to meet the needs of the students who are eager for more challenges and to provide intervention for those who are struggling.
Purpose of Assessment in Learning
- Assessment of learning
- Assessment for learning
- Assessment as learning
Assessment of learning/Summative Assessment
Assessment of learning lets the teacher, students and their parents know how well each student has completed the learning tasks and activities.
It provides information about student achievement at the end of a particular task or activity
On that basis teacher plans the further activity.
Assessment for learning/Formative Assessment
Assessment for learning is ongoing assessment that allows teachers to monitor students on a day-to-day basis and modify their teaching based on what the students need to be successful.
This assessment provides students with the timely, specific feedback that they need to make adjustments to their learning.
Assessment as learning
- Students develop a sense of ownership
- They use self-assessment feedback to make adjustments, improvements and changes to what they understand.
- As students engage in peer and self-assessment, they learn to make sense of information, relate it to prior knowledge and use it for new learning.
Assessment for learning B.Ed notes/ Types of Assessment
- It is a kind of pre-assessment which is done before starting a lesson to understand what students already know about the topic.
- It helps in understanding the students’ knowledge, skills, strengths and weaknesses.
- Based on the information collected teacher makes the plan of teaching-learning process.
- Before starting any lesson teacher evaluate the students that how much knowledge students have by asking questions related to topic.
Tools of Diagnostic Assessment
Written Subjective questions
Written objective questions
Discussion or debate
Formative assessments help teachers understand student learning while they teach, and adjust their teaching strategies accordingly. The motive behind formative assessments is to screen students learning and give progressing input to teachers and students. It is assessment for learning. If designed appropriately, it helps students identify their strengths and weaknesses, can enable students to improve their self-regulatory skills so that they manage their education in a less haphazard fashion than is commonly found.
It is an ongoing process. It helps in giving feedback to both teachers and students so that they know their mistakes and rectify it. It also provides information to the faculty about the areas students are struggling with so that sufficient support can be put in place.
Formative assessments help you track how student knowledge is growing and changing in your classroom in real-time.
Tools of Formative assessment
Summative assessments measure student progress as an assessment of learning and provide data for you and parents on which you further plan your future strategies.
Summative assessments are given to students toward the finish of an educational period. They are evaluative as opposed to indicative and are utilized to gauge whether a course’s learning goals were met. In contrast to formative appraisals, summative assessments are formal and include clear directions, assumptions and grading to assess student’s learning.
It used to evaluate student learning, skill acquisition, and academic achievement at the conclusion of a defined instructional period—typically at the end of a project, unit, course, semester, program, or school year.
Types of Summative assessment
Exams created by examiner
End-of-term or midterm exams
Ipsative assessments are one of the types of assessment as learning that compares previous results with a second try, motivating students to set goals and improve their skills.
A two-stage assessment framework helps students learn from their mistakes and motivates them to do better.
In this students evaluate their own work and tries to rectify their errors so that they would not repeat it again. It is a self motivating assessment.
Norm-referenced assessments are tests designed to compare an individual to a group of their peers.
It assesses their performance and measures their behavior. This identifies students test is better or worse than others.
It ranks students by comparing with other students of similar group. It determines the lowest and highest performing students.
It also helps in comparing students data with previous year students data to analyze the results.
Criterion-referenced assessments compare the score of an individual student to a learning standard and performance level, independent of other students around them.
In this students performance is evaluated on the basis of some fixed pre-defined criterion. It is not affected by the performance of other students.
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